History of Concrete Polishing
Concrete, and concrete-like substances, are strong and long-lasting materials used in construction for over two thousand years. Some ancient concrete structures still stand today, making it a suitable choice for high-traffic areas or spaces where longevity is a priority. In the mid-20th century, designers began to explore new possibilities with concrete, using dyes and stamps to create unique patterns and designs. The polished concrete we know today was accidentally discovered in the 1990s by workers in Tunisia who were trying to dry a floor and ended up polishing it. Nowadays, polished concrete has become more and more popular for decorative purposes as well as in residential applications. This is because of its strength, minimal maintenance needs, and eco-friendly properties. Advancements in tools and techniques have made it possible to achieve any surface finish from rough to a high gloss on concrete floors, and the equipment needed to achieve this has also become more accessible and manageable.
Determine Goals for Concrete Floors
The first step in maintaining your concrete floors is to decide what you want to do with them. Consider if you need a new floor lay, if you are working with old concrete, or if there is currently a coating on the floor. For instance, if you have a sealer or coating, such as – mastic, glue, adhesive, thin-set, paint, and epoxy – on your concrete floors and want to recoat, we recommend using the Mastic Demon™ for coating removal. If your goal is to have a clean, polished concrete floor, we recommend using our concrete polishing system, Diamond Devil™ Concrete Restoration & Polishing Tools. Whatever your goal for your concrete floors, there is a tool available to help you achieve it.
Intro to Diamond Devil™ System
Innovative Patent-Pending System – what sets Diamond Devil™ apart from other systems on the market today
- 3 steps vs. typical 6-step polishing process, saving time – to reach a standard level of polish
- Next generation systems +1 (Red) Shine Tool takes the finish a step beyond to an unmatched gloss level – using standard floor equipment
- Chemical-free: works using only water
- Works on standard floor equipment – standard swing machines, walk behinds, auto scrubbers
- Permanent blades, that are precisely designed and angled, so no need to stop and replace worn blades
- No pre-use blade hydration required, and no worries about snapping or breaking blades
- *NOTE: The Diamond Devil™ Polishing system is not recommended for use on decorative, stained, or brushed concrete. Polishing tools should be used only on indoor troweled concrete.
- Before starting any polishing project, we strongly suggest working with one of our Diamond Devil™ specialists. Contact a specialist today (need to make sure this is really visible on the page: bold, highlighted, etc.)
Diamond Devil™ Polishing Tools are part of an innovative concrete restoration and polishing system that work on most standard floor machines, delivering superior results in less time and saving you more money. Achieve remarkable results with the chemical-free, patent-pending Diamond Devil™ System – every time.
- What sizes are available – Diamond Devil™ Tools are available in sizes 12″ through 20″ block diameters and fit most standard floor machines.
- What size tools to order
- Auto Scrubbers will require the same size Diamond Devil™ Tool as the pad driver size recommended for the machine. For Standard Single Disc or low-speed electric floor machines, Diamond Devil™ tools can be sized up one size from the recommended pad driver size and ordered with a 1 1/2” riser to accommodate edging. (can risers be used for walk-behinds??)
- It’s important to note that the Diamond Devil™ Polishing tools are directional, meaning they either go Clockwise (CW) or Counter-Clockwise (CCW). It’s imperative that the tools are mounted correctly to avoid possible tool or floor machine damage. Install the tools on your machine in the correct direction – ensure the tools are mounted correctly onto the machine from the operator’s view. Once the rotation is determined, the operator should reference the label printed on top of the tool that specifies if the tool is Clockwise (CW) or Counter-Clockwise (CCW). Typically, low-speed electric floor machines use counter-clockwise (CCW) brushes/tools. However, there are few types of single disc floor machines that are clockwise (CW), so it is suggested to confirm the rotation of the machine before mounting the tool. (embed the rotational instruction video). For dual-headed auto scrubbers, typically one side spins counter-clockwise (CCW), and the other side spins clockwise (CW).
- How to know when blades are worn out
- Blade wear can be affected by the condition of the floor. When using Diamond Devil™ Concrete Polishing Tools, moving through the steps, if you’re noticing wear on the blades, check for the black wear indicator coming through on the blade as shown in the examples below: (add the images of the wear indicator) If you see this, make sure to order a new tool. When using the maintenance tool, check wear weekly to ensure the tool is operating at its best.
- The Diamond Devil Concrete Polishing tools work on standard floor equipment like swing machines, auto scrubbers, walk-behind, and ride-on scrubbers. No need for any large rentals or heavy machinery.
Concrete Polishing (How to Use The Diamond Devil™ Polishing System)
- It is important to know what condition your concrete is in before starting.
- How old is your concrete? Is it a new pour?
- Has it been polished before?
- On scale from one to six, what is the condition of concrete?
- 1 – Pitted
- 2 – Rough (Grind Tool – Blue)
- 3 –Semi-smooth (Grind Tool -Blue)
- 4- Smooth with matte finish (Hone Tool -Green)
- 5 – Smooth with some reflection (Polish Tool – Natural)
- 6 – Smooth with reflection (+1 Shine Tool – Red)
- We recommend consulting with one of our concrete polishing, Diamond Devil™ specialists today (include a link to contact form)
- It is recommended that 6 passes are done with each tool in the system: Grind, Hone, and Polish.
- Add in the +1 Shine (Red) Tool if you want to elevate the gloss level beyond industry standards.
- The Diamond Devil™ Polishing system is not recommended for use on decorative, stained, or brushed concrete. Polishing tools should be used only on indoor troweled concrete.
- The Diamond Devil™ System’s 3 +1 approach – start with:
- Grind (Blue) Tool used to remove light coatings and preps floor with an open finish
- Hone (Green) Tool used to set concrete to a honed finish, ready for polish
- Polish (Natural) Tool closes concrete and brings out a clean “standard” satin/polished finish
- +1 Shine (Red) Tool takes the finish a step beyond to an unmatched gloss level using your standard floor equipment
- Using the +1 Sine Tool, as part of your daily/weekly maintenance, the DOI image gloss will continue to improve over time.
- How to reach the edges of your concrete floors – Edges can only be done using a low-speed electric floor machine (buffer type) because you can oversize tools to extend outside the machine deck, which you cannot with an auto scrubber.
- Oversizing tools for floor machines require a riser. For example: Use a 17″ tool with a 1 ½” riser and clutch plate for a 17″ deck floor machine; A 20″ tool with a 1 ½” riser and clutch plate for a 20″ floor machine.
- How to make concrete floor shine – The Diamond Devil™ Concrete Restoration and Polishing System uses a progression of tools Grind, Hone, and Polish that takes concrete floors to an even “standard” satin/polished finish. The optional +1 Shine Tool takes the finish a step beyond, to an unmatched superior image gloss and clarity. Note: All Diamond Devil Tools are used on a standard floor machine or auto-scrubbers.
- If you’re asking yourself how long it takes to restore (grind) and polish your concrete floors – the time required to restore and polish concrete floors varies depending upon the condition of the concrete floor, along with the square footage. The Diamond Devil™ Concrete Restoration and Polishing System is 3 steps -vs- the typical 6-step polishing processing. Less steps, less time on the floor saves time and money. Before starting any polishing project, we strongly suggest working with one our Diamond Devil™ specialists. Contact a specialist today
- Should I use densifier? Densifier can be used but is not necessary when using the chemical-free Diamond Devil™ Concrete Restoration and Polishing System.
- Can I use cleaners with the Diamond Devil™ System during daily maintenance? Yes, a neutral cleaner can be used, but we recommend using only water with the chemical-free Diamond Devil™ Polishing System.
- Polished Concrete Flooring is a popular option because:
- Concrete is extremely durable
- Low maintenance,
- Once brought up to a polished level, it is easy to maintain as part of a daily/weekly maintenance program, using your standard floor equipment and only water when using the Diamond Devil Red Shine Tool daily or weekly once in the maintenance stage
- Increase slip resistance, as you use the Red Shine Tool as part of your daily maintenance, the polished concrete continues to be honed, which tightens the pores in the floor improving slip resistance, image gloss, clarity, and DOI. The more the polished concrete is honed, it offers increased slip resistance
- Does not require any type of coating to produce a shine, stripping or waxing. It is important to note that anytime you add a coating to a concrete floor reduces the concrete floors natural slip resistance leaving staff and customers more prone to slips and falls
- Concrete polishing is not recommended for all types of concrete floors. Some things to consider when determining if concrete polishing is an option for you?
- Is your concrete older and in poor condition? Meaning does it have a lot of unevenness, cracks, or a lot of patch work?
- If yes, then your concrete floor may require another process to be done either instead of polishing or to be done before polishing can be a viable option
- Newly poured concrete floors should not be polished immediately, as they need to set and cure over time
Mastic Demon™ Coating Removal (not part of the polishing system)
- What was done before – If you look online, you might find antiquated ways of removing mastic and other coatings from your floors, such as soaking your floors in acids and scraping it away with hand scrapers.
- Soaking concrete floors in harsh chemicals and solvents that will try to melt down the coating. Then they suggest you wipe with a cloth and mop it up.
- Without chemicals – using hot water, hand chisels, stand-up scrapers, or heat guns
- These methods are not only time-consuming and difficult, but they can also be hazardous to your health and become quite costly
- If it’s your goal to remove old coatings from your concrete floors, we recommend using our Mastic Demon™ Tool which is part of our Diamond Devil™ Concrete Restoration & Polishing System.
- Mastic Demon™ is specifically designed to be used with water only. We DO NOT advise or recommend using the tool with any chemicals or solvents. WATER ONLY
- Mastic Demon™ is the next-generation solution to concrete coating removal. This innovative concrete restoration tool works on most standard floor machines, delivering superior results in less time, saving more money. Achieve remarkable results with the chemical-free, patent-pending Mastic Demon™.
- POWERFUL REMOVAL – Mastic Demon™ is for speedy, easy removal of even the toughest coatings from concrete floors, including mastic, glue, adhesive, thin-set, paint, epoxy, and more. Efficient and effective, the Mastic Demon™ tool leaves behind an improved surface profile between a CSP2 & CSP3, ready for a recoat.
- Removes mastic, glue, adhesives, and coatings up to 30% faster without the use of dangerous chemicals.
- Enhanced cutting power with 75% larger blades that include increased diamond content that leaves behind an improved surface profile.
- Boosts productivity with newly designed angled blades, created to cut and eject debris faster and more efficiently.
- Avoids build-up on blades and completes jobs faster.
- Note: The Mastic Demon™ is a standalone tool and is designed to remove coatings and mastic on concrete floors that are not intended for polishing. It is not to be used as part of the Diamond Devil™ Polishing System.
- How to remove mastic, glue, and other coatings from concrete.
- Using a standard single-disc floor machine, attach the Mastic Demon™ Tool
- Run with plenty of water and a Malish Splash Guard or run dry with the Malish Dust Skirt and vacuum port system
- Start on the edge where you can begin to breakup and work your way across the concrete floor from side- to-side moving slowly. Continue to make passes until desired results are achieved.
- After running the Mastic Demon™ the floor is left with an improved concrete surface profile between a CSP2 & CSP3.
- Old mastic, glue, or adhesives must be removed before applying any new coating to the concrete surface. If the old coating is not removed, then the new coating will not adhere properly to the concrete.
- Mastic Demon™ Tools are available in sizes 12″ through 20″ block diameters and fit most standard floor machines. Can use up to a 20″ Mastic Demon™ Tool on a low-speed single disc floor machine, without tripping breakers.
- To ensure tools are mounted correctly onto the machine, we strongly suggest that the operator view the Rotational Instruction Video (link to the video) prior to mounting tools. Once rotation is determined, the operator should reference the label printed on top of the tool that specifies if the tool is Clockwise (CW) or Counter-Clockwise (CCW).
- Need replacement blades for the Mastic Demon™? Check out the replacement blade kits available for the Mastic Demon™ Tools.
- The Mastic Demon™ Tool is chemical-free and is recommended for use with water only.
- Mastic Demon™ Tool leaves an improved surface profile that is a between a CSP2 & CSP3, perfect for a recoat.
- Mastic Demon™ is uniquely designed to be used on your existing standard floor equipment instead of renting costly, heavy grinders for coating removal jobs.
- Start with sell sheet info (not part of polishing system) (how it’s used etc.) then add in FAQs under this section (can run dry only if you use dust skirt with vac port)
Mastic Demon™ is uniquely designed to be used on your existing standard floor equipment instead of renting costly, heavy grinders for coating removal jobs.
- Determine the Condition of Concrete (old, new pour, coating, etc.)